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Is Excess Weight a Factor in Addition to BMI?

Other Factors Besides BMI and Weight

BMI is just one factor to consider when assessing a person's ideal weight. To determine if excess weight is a health risk, a healthcare provider will perform further assessments. According to the recent guidelines, assessment of weight involves using three key measures:
  • BMI
  • Waist circumference
  • Risk factors for diseases and conditions associated with obesity.
Waist Circumference
To determine your waist circumference, place a measuring tape snugly around your waist. It is a good indicator of your abdominal fat, which is another predictor of your chance for developing risk factors for heart disease and other serious health conditions. This risk increases with a waist measurement of over 40 inches in men and over 35 inches in women.
The table below provides you with an idea of whether your BMI combined with your waist circumference increases your risk for developing obesity-related diseases or conditions.
Classification of Overweight and Obesity by BMI, Waist Circumference,
and Associated Disease Risks
Disease Risk* Relative to Normal Weight and Waist Circumference
Men 102 cm (40 in) or less
Women 88 cm (35 in) or less
Men > 102 cm (40 in)
Women > 88 cm (35 in)
< 18.5
18.5 - 24.9
25.0 - 29.9
30.0 - 34.9
Very High
35.0 - 39.9
Very High
Very High
Extreme Obesity
40.0 +
Extremely High
Extremely High
5 Foods for Great Abs

Body Mass Index (BMI)

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